2014 Recaps: Pirates Showed You Don’t Have to Spend Big to Upgrade the Bullpen

For the past few years, the Pittsburgh Pirates have acquired a lot of bounce back candidates in their bullpen, with a lot of those guys actually bouncing back. That approach led to one of the top bullpens in baseball during the 2013 season. Most of that bullpen was returning in 2014, and the Pirates looked to be in good shape.

What led to the success in 2013 was the Pirates going out and getting players who were coming off down years, but who had advanced metrics that indicated they would bounce back. That trend didn’t work as well in 2014. In fact, the Pirates saw two pitchers bounce back on other teams, after struggling in Pittsburgh. They also tried a few of their own reclamation projects, and missed.

Jason Grilli and Bryan Morris were the two players who struggled. Grilli’s struggles were worse, with a 4.87 ERA and a 4.54 xFIP that suggested he was on the decline. Then, he was traded to the Angels for Ernesto Frieri in a deal that looked like the Pirates were getting back the big reclamation project. It turned out that Grilli was the one who rebounded, going on to put up a 3.48 ERA and a 3.40 xFIP. Meanwhile, Frieri continued to struggle, to the point where the Pirates didn’t even call him up in September, despite paying the remainder of his $3.8 M deal.

Bryan Morris wasn’t exactly struggling from an ERA standpoint, as his 3.80 ERA wasn’t much worse than the 3.46 mark in 2013. However, he had a 4.51 xFIP, and a 5.92 FIP, showing he was getting a lot of good breaks. Morris was dealt to the Marlins for a first round compensation pick, which was eventually used on Connor Joe. He immediately turned into a late inning option with Miami, posting an 0.66 ERA and a 3.15 xFIP. His strikeout rate went to a career high 7.97 K/9 and his walk rate dropped to a career low 2.66 BB/9. The biggest change he made was using his cutter more often. He was throwing his fastball 61% of the time in Pittsburgh, with a 31% usage of his cutter. That was switched to 47% fastball and 44% cutter in Miami.

The Pirates bullpen was hurting in the first half of the season, with one of the worst bullpens in baseball. Mark Melancon and Tony Watson were two of the best relievers in baseball, but outside of those two, almost everyone else was struggling. Seeing Grilli and Morris go on to turn things around elsewhere really hurt. Jeanmar Gomez and Justin Wilson were two other returning relievers who also struggled, compared to their success in 2013.

There were a lot of rumors at the deadline connecting the Pirates to available relief pitchers, but they opted against making a big move. Instead, they claimed John Axford and Bobby LaFromboise off waivers, and called up John Holdzkom, who was signed out of indy ball over the summer, and was consistently hitting the upper 90s with his fastball. They also showed patience with guys like Wilson and Gomez, and the results were good.

The bullpen was middle of the pack overall in the second half, but it really showed improvements down the stretch. Everything came together in the month of September, after the additions of the new relievers, and the Pirates had the fourth most valuable bullpen in the majors, and the best ERA and xFIP. Holdzkom (9 innings, 1 earned run, 14 strikeouts) was a big reason for this turnaround, although credit also should go to Justin Wilson (3.52 ERA in 7.2 innings) and Jeanmar Gomez and Bobby LaFromboise, who combined for seven innings and one run. Jared Hughes, who was the only reliable middle reliever all season, continued pitching well down the stretch. And Watson and Melancon continued being two of the best relievers in baseball.

The Pirates had one of the worst bullpens in baseball in the first half, leading to calls for that bullpen to be upgraded down the stretch. They didn’t trade a bunch of prospects for Huston Street like the Angels did, and instead stuck to their approach of finding value in the bullpen. That ended up working out just as well down the stretch.

The Future

The Pirates are fine with a late inning combo of Mark Melancon and Tony Watson. Due to the usage of both players, they could opt to trade one of the two and try to get a huge return. But they’ve still got multiple years of control with each player, so that’s not necessary this year.

The middle of the bullpen was an issue this year, due to struggles from guys like Justin Wilson, Jeanmar Gomez, and a few of the players who departed in the middle of the season. By the end of the season, Wilson was pitching well, and John Holdzkom emerged as a hard throwing right-hander with a nasty palm ball, giving the Pirates two potentially strong options. Jared Hughes had a good year the entire season, although his advanced metrics suggest he shouldn’t have been that good. Still, those advanced metrics had him as a solid reliever.

Melancon, Watson, Wilson, Holdzkom, and Hughes is the start of a good bullpen. They could use two more solid relievers. Some of the internal options are Casey Sadler, Bobby LaFromboise, and Stolmy Pimentel. It also wouldn’t be a surprise to see the Pirates try and bring in help from the outside.

Last year the Pirates didn’t bring in many relievers in the off-season. Neal Huntington said during Spring Training that this was a result of their strong bullpen in 2013, and a lack of opportunity in Pittsburgh. That prevented them from being a destination for relievers looking for an opportunity. They certainly won’t have that problem this time around.

The Pirates don’t usually spend on relievers, and that is a process that has worked for them. I don’t expect them to spend big on relief pitchers this off-season, but to acquire a lot of options that could lead to a few bounce back candidates and sleepers.

Tim started Pirates Prospects in 2009 from his home in Virginia, which was 40 minutes from where Pedro Alvarez made his pro debut in Lynchburg. That year, the Lynchburg Hillcats won the Carolina League championship, and Pirates Prospects was born from Tim's reporting along the way. The site has grown over the years to include many more writers, and Tim has gone on to become a credentialed MLB reporter, producing Pirates Prospects each year, and will publish his 11th Prospect Guide this offseason. He has also served as the Pittsburgh Pirates correspondent for Baseball America since 2019. Behind the scenes, Tim is an avid music lover, and most of the money he gets paid to run this site goes to vinyl records.

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John Janesko

Random question, whats going on with Kyle McPherson?


So was Morris restricted from throwing the cutter the way he wanted? I kinda wonder if the pirates didn’t want him to throw it or if this was just a case of a second set of eyes (marlins staff) seeing something they could tweak and getting the results…

S Brooks

Free Wirfin Obispo!*

(*with purchase of waiver claimed reliever of equal or greater value)

dr dng

Tim, as always, I am an amateur at this but do you think the Pirates would go for a significant reworking of their 25 man roster and look to make a trade or trades with multiple teams looking to move as many as 6-8 players or more? I was just thinking about a big blockbuster trade involving multiple teams including mlb players and prospects that could involve changes a 1st, 3rd, C, SP, RP and possibly 2nd. (you have to give some to get some). Do we have the front office to pull off such a move or would the Pirates be a significant participant if other teams were interested in such a move. Maybe what I am actually asking is would the front office be too conservative to make such a move?


IMO, the pen needs a lot of changes both in personal and philosophy. I am not sold on Wilson, Hughes is a specialty right hander and should be used get one big out, not pitch multiply innings. Pimentel and Sadler are not relief pitchers and that was clear when Hurdle used them so sparingly. If Holdzkom is for real that leaves them with Watson and Melanson, IMO they will have a lot rebuilding to do with this pen, their philosophy of everyone has to be able to pitch multiple innings is good only for a couple of pitchers, they should go the specialty route with a left hander also IMO. In conclusion it looks to me like they should be in the market for about 3-4 pen pitchers. I would not rule out trading Wilson either.


I think for this reason Melancon is traded to the Yankees, Tigers, etc. We need his $5-7M elsewhere. Probably for a starter like Volquez… or Ike/Pedro.


Overall, Watson’s numbers look good, but he did compile an unsatisfactory number of blown holds and blown saves. I don’t think he’s the closer of the future.

I suck it up and pay Melancon this year, while trying to develop Holdzkom as the 7th inning guy, potentially positioning him to close, if no other option is found. If I’m Hurdle, I’m using Hughes more as the fireman and fewer times coming in with clean innings unless he needs the work.

Wilson needs to get better. Much better. Sadler? No thanks. IMO, he’s not even as good as Hunter “Home Run Every Appearance” Strickland.

As for additions, I’d be taking a hard look at Luke Hochevar, who’s coming off TJ and didn’t pitch in 2014.

John Lease

There are always guys who can make a bullpen all over the place. They have a good enough core, as long as they hold onto them, and more guys can be found. Holdzkom should get a good long look.


Interesting to note that of the nine players on the Giants who now have 3 WS rings, four of them are pen guys: Casilla, Romo, Lopez, Affeldt. Five years together as a core bullpen. I don’t know what that means, but it’s working for SF.

John Lease

And Javier Lopez, other than playing fall ball with my oldest son years ago right here in Centreville Virginia, was given away for nothing to the Giants.

Sometimes, memory isn’t a good thing.

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