2015 Shortstop Recap: Kang, Mercer, and the Battle Between Offense and Defense

The big debate at shortstop for the Pirates over the last few years has been the balance between offense and defense. It’s rare to get a shortstop who is good on both sides of the ball. The guys who can do that are usually star players. Most teams end up choosing between a good offensive shortstop with poor defense, or a good defensive shortstop with poor offense.

The Pirates had examples of both types of players on their 2015 roster. For the last few years they’ve trended on the defensive side, going with guys like Clint Barmes and Jordy Mercer as their shortstop options, despite poor offense from those guys. They started the 2015 season with Mercer as the starter, but eventually they saw Jung-ho Kang play his way into a starting role, which led to him getting much more time at the shortstop position.

Kang represents the opposite of Mercer. He had some of the best offense on the team, especially in the second half. However, he rated as a poor defender. There were 38 shortstops in the majors this year with 400+ innings at the position (going with the low number here to include Kang). Out of that group, Mercer ranked 15th in UZR/150 with a 2.0 and Kang ranked 27th with a -6.4. However, in terms of Plus/Minus and Defensive Runs Saved, they were about even. That said, Mercer’s numbers this year were way down in each category from where they were last year.

Offensively, Kang was way ahead of Mercer. He had a .356 wOBA and a 130 wRC+, which ranked third and second respectively among the 32 shortstops with 400+ plate appearances. Mercer finished 31st and 28th with his .265 wOBA and 68 wRC+. For perspective, the league averages at the position were .297 and 85.

Mercer did have a bit of an up and down season. He struggled at the start of the year, posting a .192/.248/.223 line in 142 plate appearances through the month of May. That was enough to earn Kang more starts at shortstop. Mercer did bounce back, posting a .287/.327/.399 line in 156 plate appearances from June until his injury in late July. That got Mercer more time, with Kang moving over to third base a bit more often during this stretch.

After returning from his injury, Mercer got off to a slow start, with a .207/.277/.241 line up until the day that Kang went down due to Chris Couglan’s slide. Mercer stepped up the rest of the year after Kang went down, putting up a .286/.328/.413 line in 67 plate appearances for the remainder of the season.

When Mercer is hitting, it makes the most sense to play him at shortstop, as his defense is much better. When it’s on, his offense still isn’t close to what Kang can put up, but the defensive upgrades make him worth the start. It also helps that Kang was stronger defensively at third base, which means having both of them on the left side of the infield really helps the defense, while keeping both bats in the lineup, and ultimately coming down to the difference between Mercer and Josh Harrison’s offense, and not Mercer and Kang.

Unfortunately, Kang went down with a pretty serious injury at the end of the season, and there’s no telling at this point how or when he could return. If he’s able to return early next year, that would create an interesting debate between having Kang’s consistent hitting and poor defense, versus Mercer’s stronger defense and inconsistent hitting.

The Future

If Kang can return healthy, then the Pirates have their shortstop situation locked down for the 2016 season. Even if he misses some time, they’ll go with Mercer, who is under team control for three more seasons. Kang has four more seasons under team control, so the Pirates are set at the shortstop position for the next few years.

Down in the minors, they traded away one of the top upper level shortstop options when they sent JaCoby Jones out for Joakim Soria. Jones was improving his defense in his second year at the shortstop position, but still had a long way to go before he could be an asset with his defense. He still looked like an offense-first shortstop, with a lot of power, but poor plate patience and a lot of strikeouts.

Jones was a good prospect, but the Pirates are now in a situation where they can afford to trade shortstop prospects. As noted above, they don’t need a shortstop from the minors anytime soon. And in the lower levels of the minors, they have a lot of interesting shortstop options.

Kevin Newman was the first round pick this season, and fits a very common profile of hitter that the Pirates have been going after the last few years. He gets on base, hits for average, has speed, has some gap power, and plays good defense at a premium position. Despite poor numbers, Newman showed an advanced approach and a great work ethic in his pro debut, and eventually started showing flashes of his offensive capabilities. It’s likely that he will be moved up to Bradenton in 2016, and depending on the results, he could finish in Altoona by the end of the season.

I’d call Newman the shortstop of the future for the Pirates, but they have other options as well. Cole Tucker was the first round pick in 2014, and got a very aggressive push to West Virginia this year. The results were a bit mixed, and he had a slow start the first two months, but Tucker quickly adjusted and started hitting very well for one of the youngest players in the league. Unfortunately, he went down with labrum surgery at the end of the year, and probably won’t return until the second half in 2016. If he can play shortstop after the injury, then he’s still got the potential to be a starter at the position, with a similar profile to Newman.

Another guy with a similar skillset is Kevin Kramer, who was the second round pick for the Pirates this year. Playing on the same team as Newman for most of the year, Kramer got a lot of time at second base. He got a few games at shortstop in Morgantown and then in West Virginia after a late promotion. Kramer does all of the things that Newman does, although he’s probably going to be limited to second base in the future, since he’ll be at the same level as Newman. The Pirates could give him time at shortstop at the start of the year if they keep him in West Virginia.

One problem with that approach for Kramer is that the Pirates have another interesting shortstop prospect who spent his time in the GCL in 2015. Adrian Valerio was the top international signing for the Pirates in 2013, and from the time he signed until he reached the US, we received raving reviews about his defense at the position. After watching him this year, those reviews lived up to the hype. He’s a smooth defender with a strong arm, great hands, and a lot of speed that leads to a lot of range. The speed helps him on the bases, and combines nicely with his tendency for solid contact to the gaps, which leads to extra base hits. He’s yet another guy who could hit for average, get on base, and hit for some gap power, while providing speed and strong defense at shortstop. The difference here is that Valerio’s defense ranks ahead of everyone else in the lower levels, and might only be rivaled by Gift Ngoepe throughout the entire system.

The Pirates gave Cole Tucker an aggressive push to West Virginia last year. It will be interesting to see if they do the same thing with Valerio this time around. If that happens, then they’ll have three shortstops at the start of the year between two levels, which would probably push Kramer to second base again. And when Cole Tucker returns, they’d once again have too many shortstops for the two A-ball teams, which might be solved by a few promotions.

Overall, the Pirates have built up some nice shortstop depth in the lower levels, with several players who can stick at the position, play strong defense, and provide some offensive value. None of them project to be star players at the position right now, but it wouldn’t be out of the question to expect one of them to emerge with Jordy Mercer’s defensive value, and more consistent hitting than Mercer has seen the last two seasons.

  • The Cubs have robbed the Pirates of two Third basemen- The first was an armed robbery of Aramis Ramierz the second was when a thug took out Jung -ho Kang. I think that pretty much sums up my thoughts. I despise the Cubs!

  • With Kang out to begin the year and possibly no longer able to play SS I’d like to see the Pirates try to sign Cliff Pennington. He plays good defense at 2B, 3B and SS and has a career 87 wRC+ against RHP which would make him a decent option if Mercer continues to be horrible against them.

    He is coming off a very poor season so I’m thinking he shouldn’t be too expensive.

  • l’m hopeful Gift Ngoepe can learn to hit well enough to be a backup for Pirates one day. Easy to root for a guy with his name and story.

    As for the future, hopeful Cole Tucker can make it back next year to full health. He definitely had the highest ceiling of all those mentioned in article before his injury.

    • Scott K….from what I’ve read, I have grave doubts of Tucker ever being able to make that throw from SS on a consistent basis.

    • Not really sure what Gift would need to do to not replace Florimon as is. For the number of PAs Florimon saw in 2015, it’s not like Gift would be a noticeable downgrade on offense and I have to believe his defense would be a bit better.

      It could be the Bucs sign someone else for backup besides Florimon, but if it’s a choice between Florimon and Gift, then keep Gift, IMO.

  • I’m not disagreeing with leefoo’s medical professional stating that Kang won’t play SS again – however that would also rule out 2B and put 3B in doubt as it implies he will have his range seriously impacted.
    All the different arm angles that a SS is forced to make, has me doubting Cole’s return to SS. Kramer is coming back from some type of shoulder injury too and he was limited to 2B for a while

    • Neal Huntington referred to Kang as the starting third baseman in his interview on 93.7 Wednesday, subject to his “return to baseball shape.” Sounds like May is the estimate. He said he “earned the starting position.” No mention of SS.

      • Look at Wikipedia description of Tibial Plateau fracture…pretty traumatic injury. They cite car bumper hitting pedestrian weight bearing knee as example. Or in our case 200 pound man throwing his weight into Kang’s planted leg.

    • All you need at 3b, is that quick first step.

      • Yes and no. You’re neglecting bunts.

        While I hope Kang makes it all the way back, I don’t expect him to be the same player, at least not in 2016.

  • Daniel Oestreicher
    October 16, 2015 5:42 pm

    Any thoughts on Gift Ngoepe in the majors next season off the bench, maybe getting starts with Morton on the mound?

    • I have seen Ngoepe a lot the past couple of seasons, and if Valerio is the next best defensive prospect, these other guys all better really swing the bats REALLY well,because if he hits at all, he is the SS of the future.

    • Sorry, but on what basis could you ever want Morton to start for the Pirates next year?

      What did you see this season, besides that ugly contract, which makes him anything but a four or five inning pitcher–likely a 4 inning pticher? And, he’s better than Locke who also should be a “no inning” pitcher for the Pirates next season.

      Dump both of them and Pedro, along with Stewart to give Diaz some MLB innings and go from there.

      • If Morton wasn’t making $8MM/yr I don’t think I’d fret so much about him. Can’t see anyone taking that contract. Too bad the coaches can’t work their magic on him. Happ comes to town and a week later he turns into a top SP. But Morton and Locke do what they do all season. Go figure.

        • 8 million is just barely over 1 WAR in value. The myth of his “terrible contract” comes from fans being dumb. He’s a flawed SP that isn’t as bad as PGH fans think in comparison to the league who likely makes roughly his market value.

          • Thanks for your thoughts although I am surprised you bothered to reply to someone as ‘dumb’ as me.
            WAR is now valued at almost $8MM?
            You are right…he is flawed.
            It would be interesting to me if the Pirates put Morton on the open market and asked $8MM for him. I think there would be better ways to spend that amount of money.

            • 1 WAR is roughly 6-7 million, so he’s needing just over 1 WAR to be fair value. And he’s been that consistently the last 2-3 years.

              The idea that 8 million brings great value in a SP isnt really true in todays game. You either hope for the guy to perform better than his value when he signed, or get realistic.

  • We have a Doctor on the PBC Asylum and here’s what he had to say about Kang:

    5. Kang will never play short again( barring some freak game where everyone else goes down.) Tibial Plateau fracture takes away any hope of that.

    I also read somewhere (was it the Doc again?) who said that Tucker will never play SS again after HIS surgery. However, there was some other player who had similar surgery and became a 2bman.

    • Huntington’s record with shortstops, by either luck or skill: not so good.

      I’m convinced that even if he would have actually drafted Machado and/or JP Crawford they would’ve choked on a pierogie and never played an inning for the Pirates.

      • piraterican21
        October 16, 2015 6:26 pm

        He drafted d’Arnaud and Mercer same year as Pedro, so at least he has a MLB SS.

    • Kang never playing SS again, for me, would not be a huge issue…although it would be sad considering how and why it happened. I think with 600 ABs and being fully adjusted to the major league level Kang could be a 20 HR, 30 2B, 80-90 RBI hitter. That is good enough production from a solid defensive 3B…1.6 UZR, 3.6 UZR/150 with 4 DRS.

      As for Tucker, if that is true, that is very much devastating as he was, I think easily, our best SS prospect and really was someone I was looking forward to seeing advance through the system (although the way we promote players, it was going to be at the pace of a snail).

    • I shattered both of mine. I was 35 when it happened. They weren’t a big problem getting past them, my biggest problem was all the ligaments in the knees that I ripped apart. I didn’t have the professional’s that he will have helping him everyday, nor was a professional athlete in incredible shape. I believe he will be ready by opening day.

      • And I bet you never played shortstop in the Majors again, either.

        • I guess you didn’t understand the part about me not being a professional athlete in incredible shape. Sorry for going over your head. I’ll try dumbing it down for you next time

    • Never commented on Tucker

  • It’s hard to overstate how much Jordy stunk with the bat this past year. More troubling than his 68 WRC+ was the fact he had a 57 WRC+ vs righties and that was after his late season “surge”.

    He’s never going to be a good hitter vs righties but hopefully he can return to former levels at least (83 WR+ in 2014, 79 WRC+ in 2013).

    • He always seemed to start slow, whether it was in April or after returning.

      Otherwise, he hit fairly well.

      • .181 career in March/April and not much better in May. Something like .220. I think Mercer’s2015 was a fluke and he is a better hitter but probably not a lot better. Still, .250-260 and 8-10 HR and 25+ doubles is a decent hitting SS in today’s game. With Kang out early Mercer will be the man every game so he needs to at least hit over .220 the first few months and show some pop that he didn’t in 2015.

  • I’d be a bit disappointed if Kramer got to play 2B in Bradenton over Pablo Reyes. Reyes had a great year in A ball and showed quite a bit of power leading all 2B in that league in ISO (and that includes The Red Sox 63 million dollar man, Yoan Moncada)

  • Who do you think has a higher ceiling? Newman or Tucker?

    • Tucker. Look what he was doing at his age last year before injury. It REALLY depends on how he bounces back from the injury though…that was one of the tougher injuries for me to handle.

      • I asked the question because it was mentioned that Newman is the future at shortstop in the article.